Fraser Island History

Fraser Island, one of Australia’s unique wilderness areas is located just over 200 kilometres north of Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland. Because of Fraser Island’s unique sand structure, it has been included in the World Heritage List due to its outstanding features.

Fraser Island is over 123 kilometres long and approximately 250 metres high; it is because of this that it is specially managed by the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service in the government Department of Environments

Fraser Island was formed from the sands that are carried by tides and the water currents up the Queensland coast, from the Northern New South Wales region. The forces of nature have formed the island purely of sand, and it is for this reason that it is known as the largest sand island in the world.

Access to Fraser Island is by plane, helicopter, barge, passenger launches, commercial tours and by private boats. Air services depart from Hervey Bay, Rainbow Beach, Maryborough, Brisbane and Noosa
Four wheel drive vehicles are required to negotiate the sandy environment of the island, both on the beach and on the inland tracks and trails. Permits are required for all vehicles crossing temporarily and they must be fixed to the windscreen of the vehicle. An authorised officer will check your permit on entry the Fraser Island National Park.

Fraser Island has developed over 800,000 years and is a unique natural environment. Sand deposited over thousands of years during sea level changes has formed, and still is creating Fraser Island. The island’s sands provide an excellent record of the ageing processes of sand dunes and are an outstanding example of geological and biological processes working together.

Fraser Island’s sands support a surprising variety of vegetation from low wallum heath to towering rainforests. In turn, these forests and woodlands provide a home for many animals. More than 300 vertebrate native animal species, mainly birds, live on the island. Fraser Island’s intertidal flats are a favoured stopover for migratory wading birds.

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